Driving in Iceland
Practical information

Practical things to keep in mind

West Iceland

General information about Iceland

Passport and visa regulations

Iceland is an associate member of the Schengen Agreement, which exempts travellers from personal border controls between 26 EU countries. For residents outside the Schengen area, a valid passport is required for at least three months beyond date of entry. For information on passport and visa requirements as well as the Schengen area regulations, visit the website of the Icelandic Directorate of Immigration.

If you are interested in working or studying in Iceland these websites will help you out:

Arrival in Iceland

Bus services are operated between Reykjavík and Keflavík International Airport in connection with all arriving and departing flights, and seats are guaranteed. Buses depart to and from Keflavík every 45-60 minutes. The drive between the airport and Reykjavík takes about 45 minutes. For departing flights, it is recommended that you take a bus leaving at least 2.5 hours before your scheduled departure. It is possible to arrange hotel pickup. Taxi services are available to and from the airport. The car-ferry MS Norröna sails weekly between Denmark, and Seyðisfjörður in East Iceland giving visitors the option of bringing their own vehicle.


Icelandic is the national language. English is spoken widely and Danish is the third language taught in schools in Iceland.

Medical attention

Pharmacies are called “Apótek” and are open during normal business hours. Only a few are open at night. Medical Care can be obtained by visiting a Health Care Centre, called “Heilsugæslustöð” in Icelandic, during opening hours.

For information, call +354-585-1300 or visit the website about Health Care.

Medical help: There is a medical centre or hospital in all major cities and towns in Iceland. The emergency phone number (24 hours) in Iceland is 112.
Health insurance: Citizens of EEA countries must bring their EHIC card (European Health Insurance Card), otherwise they will be charged in full. Non-EEA citizens are not covered by the EEA regulations and will be charged in full.

For further information, contact the Icelandic Health Insurance: Tel.: +354-515-0100. Office hours: 10:00–15:00.

Special vaccinations are not required to enter Iceland.

The harbour in Húsavík Photo by Icelandic Explorer
Harpa in downtown Reykjavík Photo by Icelandic Explorer


Blue with a red cross outlined in white. The colours are symbolic for Iceland: Red represents the volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and glaciers, and blue is for the skies above, the sea and the mountains. SIZE 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq. miles).


360,000. Mean age: 38 years.

Capital City

Reykjavík. The largest municipalities are Reykjavík* (130,000), Kópavogur* (36,000), Hafnarfjörður* (30,000), Akureyri (19,000) and Reykjanesbær (18,000). *Cities in the capital region.


Parliamentary constitutional republic.


The Icelandic króna (plural krónur) –ISK.


Iceland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) all year round. GLACIERS Glaciers cover 11,922 km2 of the surface.

Highest point

Hvannadalshnjúkur peak at 2,110 m.

Natural resources

Fish, hydropower, geothermal energy.

Useful websites

Emergency phone numbers

  • Emergency number: 112
  • Police: 444 1000
  • Medical assistance: 1770